Carlisle Castle is in the centre of
Carlisle in Cumbria northwest
This Castle was built from stone from
1122, along with a Wall that runs around
the City centre, about one and a half
miles of Wall. There is an entrance fee,
and a further fee to visit the Military
Museum as well. Postcode: CA3 8UR
Area Attractions Click on Map
The image top is from the Footbridge leading
from the City centre across to Carlisle
The main attraction is the Castle Tower with
Cannon all around. The top of the Tower gives
great views for miles around and over
You can explore the Tower interior at your
own pace with many notice boards giving the
The King's Own Border Regiment Museum is in
the centre of the complex, with many exhibits
showing the evolution of the Army over the
Carlisle Castle History
1080s - the earliest Fortification was built
on this site for William II, son of William the
Conqueror, a wooden Fort building.
There were ongoing Battles between the
Scottish and English for this area, with
Hadrian's Wall passing close to the
Castle. Little remains of Hadrian's Wall or
From 1122 - a stone Castle was built here
for Henry I of England, along with a Wall that
runs around the Old City, about one and a half
miles in distance.
1135 - the Scots took control of Carlisle
and the Castle, at a time when Scotland and
England were fighting over the Border between
the two Countries.
1157 - Henry II of England regained control
of Carlisle and the Castle.
1216 - Carlisle and the Castle were captured
by the Scots of King Alexander II. The Scots
only held the Castle for a few months.
1296 - John Comyn led his Scottish forces in
an attack on Carlisle and the Castle. The
Guardian of Carlisle Castle, Robert de Brus,
managed to defend the Castle, then force the
Scots back over the Border.
Robert de Brus was a Borders area Noble, who
normally fought on the side of the English. He
married the widow Marjorie of Carrick,
southwest Scotland, in 1271.
The son of Robert de Brus and Marjorie of
Carrick, Robert the Bruce, became King of
Scotland during the Scottish Wars of
Independence from 1296 - 1328.
1315 - King Robert the Bruce of Scotland led
his forces to Carlisle. The City and Castle
managed to withstand that attack.
The following 300 years see Carlisle Castle
used by the English to control the Borders
area, keeping the Scottish forces from taking
over English land.
1642 - the English Civil War broke out with
Carlisle backing the Royalists.
1644 - a Scots Army working with the
Parliamentarians, took control of the City
after an eight month siege.
1651 - The end of the Civil War with a
Parliamentarian victory, allowed repairs to the
war damage Castle and Town.
1745 - Jacobite forces loyal to Prince
Charles Edward Stuart, captured Carlisle Castle
and the City.
1745 December - English troops forced the
Scots out of Carlisle, one of the last Battles
between the English and Scots in England.
1746 16th April - Battle of Culloden, by
Inverness northern Scotland, saw the Jacobite
forces of Bonnie Prince Charlie defeated by the
Loyalist Troops of George I, the last Battle on
the British mainland.
Since 1746 - Carlisle Castle has been used
to house the Military such as the Border
Regiment, King's Own Royal Border Regiment, and
2014 - Cumbria‘s Museum of Military Life was
opened in the centre of Carlisle Castle,
covering 300 years of courage, loyalty and
service, with exhibits and interactive