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Hadrians Wall


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Brampton is a small Market Town 9 miles east of Carlisle, 48 miles west of Newcastle, one and a half miles south of Hadrian's Wall.

This is a bustling Town with local shops, popular butchers, 1 Hotel, 2 Bars, and a Farmers Market normally held on Saturday.

Attractions in the area include a large Priory, Hadrian's Wall, Talkin Tarn, Aviation Museum, Farm Park, 4 Golf Clubs and more.

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The image top is looking up Front Street towards the Market Square. The Howard Arms Hotel is on the right.

The second image is of Brampton Market Place / Square with the Nags Head bar with beer garden on the right.

The octagonal Moot Hall, built in 1817, now serves as a Visitor Information Centre. This is where the Farmers Market is held, normally on Saturday.

The road up to the right leads to Talkin Tarn and Brampton Golf Club.

St Martins Church is at the south side of Brampton Centre. View the website for interesting history.

Main Street runs next to Front Street with the Scotch Arms B&B.

At the top of Main Street is the Brampton Methodist Church. The road up past the Church leads to Lanercost Priory, Banks Turret with a short section of Hadrian's Wall, Birdoswald Roman Fort with a good section of Hadrian's Wall, and to the main road between Carlisle and Newcastle.

The Street that connects Main Street and Front Street is High Cross Street, where you can find the House the Scots Jacobite Prince Charlie stayed while invading England in 1745.

Brampton History

400s - the Roman's departed England with much of Hadrian's Wall along the Border with Scotland taken for buildings in Towns and Farms.

600s - Brampton was founded as an Anglian settlement, about one and a half miles south of Hadrian's Wall.

1100s - Brampton Old Church is built 1 mile west of present day Brampton centre.

The Old Church is built on the site of a Roman Fort with much of the stonework being from Hadrian's Wall.

1200s - Brampton and other Border Towns begin being attacked by Border Reivers (Border Raiders) raiding Towns and Farms for livestock & valuables.

The Reivers were from both sides of the border, although more on the Scots side, murdering anyone that got in their way.

1252 - Brampton became a Market Town after being granted a Market Charter by King Henry III.

1600s - the death of Queen Elizabeth I without leaving an Heir, led to King James 1st of Scotland becoming King of England as well, with him putting an end to the Border Reivers.

1745 November - During the last Jacobite rising, Charles Edward Stuart stayed in Brampton for one night.

The place he stayed is marked by a Plaque on a Shop wall on High Cross Street, by the Market Square.

Charles Edward Stuart took control of Carlisle at that time, but only for a short period, as he withdrew his Army back to Scotland in January 1746.

1746 April - Battle of Cullodon by Inverness in Scotland sees the Jacobite forces defeated by British Government Forces, the last major battle in the UK.

1746 October - six Jacobite's were hanged from the Capon Tree to the south of Brampton town centre.

There is a monument where the original Tree once stood, and a new Oak Tree has been planted on the spot to celebrate peace between Scotland and England.

1789 - the first St Martin's Church was built in Brampton.

1817 - the Earl of Carlisle funded the building of the octagonal Moot Hall.

The octagonal building replaced a building from 1648 that had been used by Oliver Cromwell to house prisoners.

1837 - the Carlisle to Newcastle Railway opened with the Brampton Station about 1.5 miles south of the Town.

1878 - the present St Martin's Church was built to replace an earlier Church on the site.

1952 - the first Brampton to Carlisle 10 mile road race took place. Famous winners include Steve Cram and Ron Hill.

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